Ise Agbe nise ile wa
ENI KO SISE
A MAA JALE
Iwe kiko laisi oko ati ada
ko ipe o ko ipe o!
The Origin of Punishment
YorÙbÁ Culture and Social Values
- Attachment to parents, school and peers
- Commitment to conventional lines of action
- Involvement in conventional activities and
- Belief in conventional values.
Punishment in Ancient Yoruba Society
The Hierachy of Seriousness of Crime
- Witchcraft Premeditated Murder- Punished with death Expected to commit suicide or self-exile for 7 years, Sacrifice to the land on return
- Murder—Manslaughter, Paid heavy compensation to the injured party
- Treason, Stealing, Arson, Adultery and incest-Excommunication, caning and shaming, Restitution paid to the loser Shaming, bad songs
Crime in Contemporary Nigeria and its ChallengesNigeria today is characterized by many social problems which includes criminality, socio-economic issues and the security question of the nation. In all of this, it is still referred to as the giant of Africa. The existing measures may not be enough to end criminal behaviours within our society. It is the responsibility of all because the hazard which modernisation caused the society needs to be revisited. Families today are no longer positive instruments of socialization as individualism has taken over the communal way of life where every member of the society is a watch-dog of one another. Wage labour has made so many parents spend limited time with their children while housemaids who are supposed to be undergoing various socialization processes assume the motherly role for the children in their custody. The elders who are supposed to pass norms and values across to the younger generations are themselves violators of the norms. The adage that acknowledges the elder as the forebearer of peace is no longer imbibed by the people.
Agba kii wa loja, ki ori omo tuntun wo
(Where there are good elders, there is orderliness).
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